Neolithic, Bronze Age and Iron Age
In Britain, pottery emerges 'fully formed' in the centuries after 4000 BC. The Museum's collection is small but reasonably representative of the range of ceramics circulating in the Thames valley between this time and the eve of the Roman conquest. Much of it was casually recovered during river dredging or gravel digging operations.
Most vessels are hand-made, bonfire-fired and likely to be of local manufacture. Forms encompass Neolithic round-based open bowls used for storage or cooking, flat-based beakers and larger Early and Middle Bronze Age urns placed with (or containing the ashes of) the dead, and later Bronze Age and Iron Age jars, cups and bowls used to prepare and serve food and drink.
A range of materials were employed to 'open' or temper the clays, including crushed burnt flint, fired clay ('grog') pellets and quartz sand. Many of the vessels also bear impressed or incised decoration using finger-tips, finger-nails, bird-bones, toothed combs and twisted cord or string.
|Peterborough ware (-3400 - -2500)|
|Late Neolithic & Early Bronze Age Beakers (-2400 - -1800)|
|Collared urns (-2200 - -1400)|
|Deverel-Rimbury (-1600 - -1000)|
|Post Deverel-Rimbury (-1000 - -700)|
|Iron Age (-700 - 50)|
Related objectsThere are 77 related objects.
12775 vase; miniature vase.
C934 weight; loomweight.
A10681 food vessel.
NN20996 bowl; replica bowl.