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Site record PDN81
11-11A Pudding Lane (Nomura House), 121-127 Lower Thames Street, 33-36 Fish Street Hill, 22-26 Monument Street, 7-11A King's Head Court, EC3
Greater London SMR No.
Latitude: 51.5097794 Longitude: -0.0857225
An 11-month excavation of Areas A, B and C on the W side of Pudding Lane, a five-month excavation of Area F on the E side of Fish Street Hill and a subsequent watching brief produced evidence of natural topography and the line of the N bank of the pre-Roman River Thames. A Roman-piled embankment, timber landing-stage, and late 1st-c timber quay surviving to its full height (Fig 38), associated with two warehouse buildings (Areas C and F), were also found. Part of a possible timber bridge pier base (Fig 39) was recorded on the foreshore to the SW of the quay (Area F). On Area B, to the N, lay a mid- to late Roman masonry building which incorporated a tessellated bath, mosaic floor and hypocaust during its development. Roman activity was traced over the site from the 1st to the 5th c and was also represented by mudbrick buildings (some of which had been burnt in a major fire) and timber-lined drains. The Roman-period structures have formed the subject of a model in the Roman gallery of MoL (Fig 40).The dark grey silts or waterlaid deposits sealing the latest Roman deposits were cut by many Saxon pits and two wells, and also by two sunken-floored buildings (Areas A and B). A series of Saxon surface-laid buildings was also found (Area A); and details of floors, foundations, base-plates and a door were recorded. Stone foundations of later medieval buildings cut through this sequence. The final section of the archive report includes a discussion of relevant material from the neighbouring Peninsular House site (PEN79), to the E of Pudding Lane.
Source: Schofield, John with Maloney, Cath (eds.) (1998). Archaeology in the City of London, 1907-1991: a guide to records of excavations by the Museum of London and its predecessors. The Archaeological Gazetteer Series, Volume 1. London: Museum of London. ISBN 0-904818-81-0.
No. of Related publications:
A Roman Harbour in London; Excavations and Observations near Pudding Lane, City of London 1979-82 Britannia Vol:XIV (1983). Bateman, N and Milne, G (PEN79, PDN81, journal article).
The Late Roman waterfront in London Britannia Vol:21 (1990). Brigham, T. (Site codes: TR74; PEN79; PDN81; ILA79; TST78; LYD88; UTA87; TEX88; VRY89; BIG82; BWB83; SH74; SH76; SWA81; CUS73; BMK85; NFW74; FRE78; DGH86; BC75, journal article).