St. Botolph Billingsgate cemetery summary

The parish church of St Botolph, Billingsgate, was destroyed in the Great Fire of London 1666. A fifteenth-century chapel within the foundations of the church was excavated at the Billingsgate Market site in 1982 by the Museum of London Department of Urban Archaeology. About 50 post-medieval burials were excavated.

Five of them had hair present on the head. There was also a sealed 15th-century vault, containing the remains of a man and a woman, but these are not included in the study presented here.

Preservation

The human skeletal remains were extremely well preserved (Table 1).

Degree of completeness: information is pending until a more representative sample size has been recorded.

Preservation N= %
Good 8 72.7
Medium 3 27.3
Poor 0 0

Table 1 skeletal completeness

Demography

Of 12 individuals so far recorded only two were sub-adults (Table 2, Fig 1). Of 10 adults, only one was female and the others male (Table 3, Fig 2).

Chart of age distribution for st Botoloph Billingsgate

Figure 1 Age distribution (N=11)

Age N= %
Perinatal 0 0.0
1-6 month 0 0.0
7-11 month 0 0.0
1-5 years 1 9.1
6-11 years 1 9.1
12-17 years 0 0.0
18-25 years 3 27.3
26-35 years 2 18.2
36-45 years 2 18.2
>46 years 2 18.2
Adult 0 0.0
Sub adult 0 0.0

Table 2 Age distribution (N=11)

Chart of adult male and female distribution for st Botoloph Billingsgate

Figure 2 Adult male and female distribution (N=9)

All adults % Male % Female %
18-25 years 3 33.3 3 37.5 0 0.0
26-35 years 2 22.2 2 25.0 0 0.0
36-45 years 2 22.2 2 25.0 0 0.0
>46 years 2 22.2 1 12.5 1 100.0
Uassigned Adults 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
Total 9 8 1

Table 3 Male and female distribution by age in the adult population

Stature

No females had measurable bones for stature calculation (Table 4).

Sex Avg_stat SD VAR MIN MAX N
Female 0
Male 169.9 12.0 143.4 152.8 179.0 4
Unsexed 0

Table 4 Stature estimation from femoral length

Pathology

Few pathological conditions have yet been recorded for this small sample.This will be updated in due course.

Pathology table for St Botoloph Billingsgate (Word 28kb)

Vertebral pathology

This section is in course of development (further recording pending).

All adults Male Female
N n % N n % N n %
Osteoarthritis
Osteophytosis
IVD
Schmorl's nodes
Fusion

Table 5 Distribution of vertebral pathology by sex in adults with one or more vertebrae present

Discussion

Too few skeletons have been recorded from this site for meaningful statistical results to be quoted. The site will be updated shortly.

Site code BIG82 (St Botolph, Billingsgate)
Recorded by White, B
Latest update: 29 March 2007