References: archaeological and methodological
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Aufderheide, A.C. and Rodríguez-Martín. C. 1998. The Cambridge encyclopedia of human paleopathology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Barnes, E. 1994. Developmental defects of the axial skeleton in paleopathology. Colorado: University Press of Colorado.
Bass, W.M. 1987. Human osteology. A laboratory and field manual, 3rd edition . USA: Missouri Archaeological Society, Inc.
Berry, A.C. and Berry, R.J., 1976. Epigenetic variation in the human cranium. Journal of Anatomy 101: 361-379.
Brickley, M. and McKinley, J. 2004. Guidelines to the standard for recording human remains. IFA/ BABAO.
Brooks, S.T. and Suchey, J.M. 1990. Skeletal age determination based on the os pubis: a comparison of the Ascadi-Nemeskeri and Suchey-Brooks methods. Human Evolution 5: 227-238.
Brothwell, D.R., 1981. Digging up bones (3rd Edition). London and Oxford: BM (NH) and OUP.
Buckberry, J.L. and Chamberlain, A.T., 2002. Age estimation from the auricular surface of the ilium: a revised method. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 119: 231-239.
Buikstra, J.E. and Ubelaker, D.H. (eds.), 1994. Standards for data collection from human skeletal remains. Arkansas: Arkansas Archaeological Survey Research Series No.44.
Caffell, A., Roberts, C., Janaway, R. and Wilson, A. 2001. Pressures on osteological collections - the importance of damage limitation. In Williams, E. (ed.), Human remains: conservation, retrieval and analysis: proceedings of a conference held in Williamsburg VA, Nov 7-11th 1999. Oxford: BAR International Series 934, 187-197.
Cassman, V., Odegaard, N. and Powell J. (eds.), 2007. Human remains. Guide for museums and academic institutions. Oxford: Altamira Press.
Chamberlain, A. 2006. Demography in archaeology. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.
Conheeney, J. 1997. Human bone procedures manual. Museum of London unpublished report.
Connell, B. 2003. Compiling a dental inventory. In M. Brickley and McKinley, J. (eds.), Guidelines to the standards for recording human remains. IFA/BABAO.
Connell, B. and Rauxloh, P. 2003. A rapid method for recording human skeletal data. Unpub: Museum of London report
Down, A. and Welch, M., 1990. Chichester excavations VII: Appledown and the Mardens. Chichester: Chichester District Council.
Drinkall, G. and Foreman, M. 1998. The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Castledyke South, Barton-on-Humber. Sheffield: Sheffield excavations report 6, Humber Archaeology Partnership.
Ferembach, D., Schwidetzky, I. and Stoukal, M., 1980. Recommendations for age and sex diagnoses of skeletons. Journal of Human Evolution 9: 517-549.
Finnegan, M., 1978. Non-metric variation in the infra-cranial skeleton. Journal of Anatomy 125: 23-37.
Gilchrist, R. and Sloane, B. 2005 Requiem: The Medieval monastic cemetery in Britain. London: MoLAS.
Gowland, R. and Knusel, C. (eds.), 2006. Social archaeology of funerary remains. Oxford: Oxbow books.
Gustafson, G. and Koch, G. 1974. Age estimation up to 16 years of age based on dental development. Odontologisk Revy 25: 297-306.
Harding, V. 1998. Burial on the margin: distance and discrimination in early modern London. In M. Cox (ed.), Grave Concerns – death and burial in England 1700-1850. York: CBA Research Report 113, Council for British Archaeology, 54-64.
Harding, V., 2002. The dead and the living in Paris and London: 1500-1670. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hills, J.D. 1999. Early historic Britain. In J. Hunter and I. Ralston (eds.), The archaeology of Britain. An introduction from the Upper Palaeolithic to the Industrial Revolution. London: Routledge, 176-193.
Hillson, S., 1996. Dental anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Iscan, M.Y., Loth, S.R. and Wright, R.K. 1984. Age estimation from the rib by phase analysis: white males. Journal of Forensic Sciences 29: 1094-1104.
Iscan, M.Y., Loth, S.R. and Wright, R.K. 1985. Age estimation from the rib by phase analysis: white females. Journal of Forensic Sciences 30: 853-863.
Iscan, M.Y. and Kennedy, K.A.R. (eds.), 1989. Reconstructing life from the skeleton. New York: Alan R Liss, 201-222.
Lawrence, C.H. 1984. Medieval monasticism.
Litten, J. 1998. The English funeral 1700-1850. In M. Cox (ed.), Grave concerns – death and burial in England 1700-1850. York: CBA Research Report 113, Council for British Archaeology, 3-16.
Lovejoy, C.O., Meindl, R.S., Pryzbeck, T.R. and Mensforth, R.P.1985. Chronological metamorphosis of the auricular surface of the ilium: a new method for the determination of adult skeletal age at death. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 68: 15-28.
Lowther, A.W.G., 1963. A Saxon burial found at Ewell, Surrey. Antiquaries Journal 43: 294-296.
Lucy, S., 2000. The Anglo Saxon way of death. Stroud: Sutton Publishing.
Malim, T. and Hines, J., 1998. The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Edix Hill (Barrington A). Cambridgeshire. London: Council for British Archaeology Report No. 112.
Mann, R.W. and Hunt, D.R. 2005. Photographic regional atlas of bone disease. A Guide to pathologic and normal variation in the human skeleton. Springfield, Illinois: Charles.C.Thomas Publisher, Ltd.
Mays, S., Brickley, M. and Dodwell, N., 2002. Human bones from archaeological sites. Guidelines for producing assessment documents and analytical reports. BABAO/English Heritage.
McMinn, R.M.H. and Hutchings, R.T. 1988. A colour atlas of human anatomy, 2nd edition. UK: Wolfe Medical Publications Ltd.
Moorrees, C.F.A., Fanning, E.A. and Hunt, E.E. Jr. 1963a. Formation and resorption of three deciduous teeth in children. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 21: 205-213.
Moorrees, C.F.A., Fanning, E.A. and Hunt, E.E. Jr. 1963b. Age variation of formation stages for ten permanent teeth. Journal of Dental Research 42.6: 1490-1502.
Ortner D.J. 2003. Identification of pathological conditions in human skeletal remains, 2nd edition. London: Academic Press.
Phenice, T. W. 1969. A newly developed visual method of sexing the os pubis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 30: 297-302.
Roberts, C. and Connell, B., 2003. Palaeopathology. In M. Brickley and McKinley, J. (eds.), Guidelines to the standards for recording human remains. IFA/BABAO.
Roberts, C.A. and Manchester. K. 2005. The Archaeology of disease, 2nd edition. Stroud: Sutton Publishing Ltd.
Roberts, C.A. and Cox, M. 2003. Health and disease in Britain from Prehistory to the Present Day. Stroud: Sutton Publishing Ltd.
Rogers, J. and Waldron, T. 2001. DISH and the monastic way of life. International Journal for Osteoarchaeology 11: 357-365.
Rose, J.C., Anton, S.C., Aufderheide, A.C., Eisenberg, L., Gregg, J.B., Neiburger, E.J. and Rothschild, B. 1991. Skeletal Database Committee Recommendations. Detroit.
Scheuer, J.L., Musgrave, J.H. and Evans, S.P. 1980. The estimation of late foetal and perinatal age from limb bone length by linear and logarithmic regression. Annals of Human Biology 7.3:: 257-265.
Scheuer, L. and Black, S., 2000. Developmental juvenile osteology. London: Academic Press.
Scheuer, L., 1998. Age at death and cause of death of the people buried in St Bride’s church, fleet street, London. In M. Cox (ed.), Grave concerns – death and burial in England 1700-1850. York, CBA Research Report 113. Council for British Archaeology.
Smith, B.H. (1991) Standards of human tooth formation and dental age assessment. In M.A. Kelly and C.S. Larsen (eds.), Advances in Dental Anthropolgy. New York: Wiley-Liss,143-168.
Stone, R.J. and Stone, J.A., 2003 Atlas of skeletal muscles, 4th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Stuart-Macadam, P.L., 1989. Nutritional deficiency diseases: a survey of scurvy, rickets and iron-deficiency amemia. In M.Y. Iscan and K.A.R. Kennedy (eds.), Reconstructing Life from the Skeleton. New York: Alan R Liss, 201-222.
Taylor, A. 2001. Burial Practice in Early England. Stroud: Tempus.
Walker, D. 2013. Disease in London, 1st to 19th centuries. An illustrated guide to diagnosis. London: MoLA Monograph 56.
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White, T, D. 2000 Human osteology, 2nd edition. London: Academic Press.
Publications based on Museum of London collections
Antoine, D.M. and Hillson, S.W. 2005. Famine, Black Death and health in fourteenth century London. Archaeology International (UCL) 8: 26-28.
Brickley, M. 2002. An investigation of historical and archaeological evidence for age-related bone loss and osteoporosis. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. 12. 5: 364-371.
Brickley, M. and Ives, R. 2008. The bioarchaeology of metabolic bone disease. London: Academic Press.
Dawson, G., 2002. A Plague Pit in Southwark? SLAS News 89, March.
Edwards, Y.H., Weisskopf, A. and Hamliton, D. in press. Age, taphonomic history and mode of deposition of human skulls in the River Thames. Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society.
Gowland, R. and Chamberlain, A. 2006. Detecting plague: the palaeodemographic characterisation of a catastrophic burial assemblage. Antiquity 79: 146-158.
Harper, K.N., Zuckerman, M.K., Harper, M.L., Kingston, J.D. and Armelagos, G.J. 2011. The origin and antiquity of syphilis revisited: an appraisal of Old World pre-Columbian evidence for treponemal infection. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 146 S53, 99-133.
Hassett, B. 2011. Technical note: estimating sex using cervical canine odontometrics: a test using a known age sample. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 146, 486-489.
Ives, R. and Brickley, M.B. 2004. A procedural guide to metacarpal radiogrammetry in archaeology. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 14, 7-17.
Mitchell, P.D., and Redfern, R.C.2008.Diagnostic criteria for developmental dislocation of the hip in human skeletal remains, International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 18: 61-71.
Mitchell, P.D., and Redfern, R.C. 2007. The prevalence of dislocation in developmental dysplasia of the hip in Britain over the past thousand years', in Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 27.8: 890-892.
Ogden, A.R., Pinhasi, R. and White, W.J. 2007. Gross enamel hypoplasia in molars from subadults in a 16th-18th century London graveyard. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 133: 957-966.
Ogden, A.R., Pinhasi, R. and White, W.J. in press. Nothing new under the heavens: MIH in the past? European Archives of Pediatric Dentistry.
Patrick, P. 2002. Creaking in the cloisters: observations on prevalence and distribution of osteoarthritis in monks from Medieval London. In G. Helmig, B. Scholkmann and M. Untermannm (eds.), Centre, Region, Periphery: Medieval Europe. Basel Hertingen: Folio-verlag: 89-93.
Pinhasi, R., Shaw, P., White, B. and Ogden, A.R. 2006. Morbidity, rickets and long-bone growth in post-medieval Britain - a cross-population analysis. Annals of Human Biology 33: 372-398.
Plomp, K.A., Roberts, C.A. and Strand Viarsdottir, U. 2012. Vertebral morphology influences the development of Schmorl's modes in the lower thoracic vertebrae. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 149, 572-582.
Rando, C. and Waldron, T. 2012. TMJ osteoarthritis: a new approach to diagnosis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 148, 45-53.
Redfern, R.C. 2003. Sex and the city: A biocultural investigation into female health in Roman Britain. In G. Carr, Swift, E. and Weekes, J. (eds.), TRAC 2002: Proceedings of the twelfth annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology conference, Kent 2002. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
Redfern, R.C. and Roberts, C. 2005. Health in Romano-British urban communities: reflections from the cemeteries. In D. Smith, M. Brickley and W. Smith (eds), Fertile Ground: Papers in honour of Susan Limbrey, Symposia of the Association of Environmental Archaeology, Monograph 22. Oxford: Oxbow Books: 115-129.
Waldron, T. 1985b. DISH at Merton Priory: evidence for a “new” occupational disease. British Medical Journal 291: 1762-1763.
Waldron, T., Rogers, J. and Dieppe, P.1994. Rheumatoid arthritis in an English post-medieval skeleton. International Journal for Osteoarchaeology 4: 165-167.
Waldron A, H. 1992. Osteoarthritis in a Black Death cemetery in London. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 2: 235–240.
Waldron, T., Rogers, J. and Dieppe, P. 1994. Rheumatoid arthritis in an English post-medieval skeleton. International Journal for Osteoarchaeology 4, 165-167.
Werner, A. (ed.), 1998. London Bodies: the changing shape of Londoners from prehistoric times to the present day. Museum of London publication. Belgium: Snoeck-Ducaju and Zoon.
Please send a copy of your research to the Centre for Human Bioarchaeology, so we can update this list.
Site reports: City and Greater London area
Barber, B. and Bowsher, D. 2000. The Eastern cemetery of Roman London: excavations 1983 – 1990. London: MoLAS Monograph 4.
Bekvalac, J. and Kausmally, T. in prep. Human Bone. In, I. Grainger and C. Phillpotts (eds.), Excavations at the Abbey of St Mary Graces, East Smithfield, London. London: MoLAS Monograph Series.
Bentley, D. & Pritchard, F. 1982. The Roman Cemetery at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital. Transactions of the London & Middlesex Archaeological Society 33.
Connell, B. 2002. The Cemetery Population from Spitalfields Market, London: An Osteological Pilot Study and Post-Excavation Assessment. Museum of London unpublished report.
Connell, B., and White, W., (in prep). The Human Bone. In A. Steele (ed.), Excavations at the Monastery of St Saviour, Bermondsey, Southwark. London: MoLAS Monograph Series.
Cowie, R., Bekvalac, J. and Kausmally, T. 2008. Late 17th to 19th century burial and earlier occupation at All Saints, Chelsea Old Church, Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. London: MoLAS Archaeology Studies Series 18.
Grainger, I. and Phillpotts, C., (eds.), in prep. Excavations at the Abbey of St Mary Graces, East Smithfield, London. London: MoLAS Monograph Series.
Grainger, I., Hawkins, D., with Falcini, P., & Mills, P. 1988. Excavations at the Royal Mint site 1986-1988. London Archaeologist 5: 429-36.
Mackinder, A., 2000. A Romano-British cemetery on Watling Street: Excavations at 165, Great Dover Street, Southwark, London. London: MoLAS Archaeology Studies Series 4.
Riviere, S., (in prep). The excavation at Mitre Street. Popular Archaeology 614: 37-41.
Rowsome, P. 2000. Heart of the City: Roman, Medieval and Modern London revealed by archaeology at 1 Poultry. London: MoLAS, English Heritage.
Russett, A. and Pocock, T., 2004. A History of Chelsea Old Church – The Church that refused to die. London: Historical Publication Ltd.
Schofield, J., (in prep). Holy Trinity Priory, draft 4.
Schofield, J. and Maloney, C. (eds.), 1998. Archaeology in the City of London 1907-1991: a guide to records of excavations by the Museum of London. London: MoLAS.
Steele, A., (in prep). Excavations at the Monastery of St Saviour, Bermondsey, Southwark. London: MoLAS Monograph Series.
Swift, D. 2003. Roman burials, medieval tenements and suburban growth: 201, Bishopsgate. London: MoLAS Archaeology Studies Series 10.
Thompson, A., Westman, A. and Dyson, T. (eds.), 1998. Archaeology in Greater London 1965-1990: a guide to records of excavations by the Museum of London.
Waldron, T. 1985. A Report on the human remains from Merton Priory. Ancient Monuments Laboratory Report 4483. London: English Heritage.
Watson, S. 2003. An excavation in the western cemetery of Roman London, Atlantic House, City of London. London: MoLAS Archaeology Studies Series 7.
White, W. 1988. The Cemetery of St. Nicholas Shambles, London. London: London & Middlesex Archaeology Society.
Last updated: March 2013